My research examined the conscientious objectors of Oxford during 1916, the year that universal military conscription was introduced and the Military Service Tribunals were set up. Who were the objectors and what happened to them? Who supported them? Did they know each other across the ‘town and gown’ divide and what is the evidence of general support for their resistance to the war?A university town in the rural South of England, Oxford was not known for its support of dissent. However, Oxford University was the place of choice for the education of budding politicians. The fate of the Oxford objectors was closely observed by those in power. This meant that the influence of the objectors was wider than their numbers would indicate. Was their experience broadly the same, or significantly different from others in England, because of its location?